When we talk about authoritarian governments, we often think about dictatorships in power against the people’s will—but reality is more complicated. Authoritarianism often starts with everyday people and their values.

That’s what Amanda Taub found when she began reporting on it.

“I came to the subject of rising authoritarianism in the United States and the West from the perspective of ‘why does all of the sudden, this country where I live, look like other countries that I’ve reported on’,” said Taub, a former human rights lawyer and now, reporter for the New York Times.

“I started seeing ‘us versus them’ politics and rising xenophobia,” said Taub.

This motivated her to write an article for titled “The Rise of American Authoritarianism back,” when it looked like Donald Trump was becoming the presidential front-runner for the Republican party. In the article, she says that it’s not enough to look at what authoritarian governments do. We also need to look at the public that supports those governments.

Through her reporting, Taub found that researchers realized they could study people’s authoritarian tendencies based on their parenting styles.

“Which is more important to be, obedient or self-reliant? What this question is really asking is: is it more important to preserve hierarchy, rules and order or is it more important to encourage independence and accept differences and kind of be flexible about new things?” said Taub.

Basically, people who feel more comfortable with systems that they understand and clear rules that they can follow tend to fall on the authoritarian end of the spectrum. People who are okay with openness are more comfortable with rules changing and with things that are unfamiliar. These people tend to not like authoritarianism as much.

According to “The Rise of American Authoritarianism,” this dynamic played a huge role in the election of president Trump.

Featured Image: David McNew/Getty Images

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