According to new findings released by the Pew Research Center, the number of Latinos who are immigrants in the U.S. declined from 37 percent in 2010, to 33 percent in 2017. Other findings from the report also state the origin countries for Latinos have shifted, with Venezuelans, Dominicans and Guatemalans seeing the fastest population growth since 2010. Mexicans are the largest origin group, comprising 62 percent of Latinos.
“The U.S. Hispanic population is diverse,” wrote Pew research assistant Luis Noe-Bustamente, “These nearly 60 million individuals trace their heritage to Spanish-speaking countries in Latin America and to Spain, each with distinct demographic and economic profiles. But as migration patterns from Latin America change, the origins of U.S. Hispanics are beginning to shift.”
The Venezuelan population in the U.S. increased by 76 percent in 2017—the fastest growth rate among Hispanic origin groups. When it comes to groups with populations over 1 million, Dominicans grew by 37 percent and Guatemalans by 30 percent.
The study also found an increase in the number of Latinos who are U.S. citizens, and those who speak English—in 2017, 70 percent of Latinos ages 5 and older spoke English, vs. 65 percent in 2010. About 79 percent of Latinos living in the country are U.S. citizens, up from 74 percent in 2010. Also, nearly four in five Latino immigrant families have lived in the U.S. for more than 10 years.
Pew also found that the origin country of the Latino population shifts depending on metropolitan areas.
“Mexicans comprise more than two-in-three Hispanics in the Los Angeles and Houston metro areas, reflecting their majority share among the national Hispanic population. But in many other metro areas, other origin groups make up the largest share among Hispanics,” the study found, “Puerto Ricans are the largest group in the Orlando, Florida, metro area, while Salvadorans are the largest in the Washington, D.C., metro area. Cubans are the largest origin group in the Miami metro area.”
The study, released during Hispanic Heritage Month (also known as Latino or Latinx Heritage Month), can be found here.